Special issue 'Quo vadis, Estonian Art History'
Dedicated to the 100th birthday of Armin Tuulse
Edited by Krista Kodres
Quo vadis... Krista Kodres
Kaur Alttoa. Armin Tuulse and Estonian Medieval Castles
In the 1930s, Armin Tuulse's research was mainly focused on castles. He summed up
the results in his doctoral dissertation on Estonian and Latvian castles, published
in 1942. The book is constructed on the typology of castles. Research of the following
decades has revealed new data on Estonian castles, complementing and sometimes
correcting Tuulse's views. But, on the whole, his book has maintained its importance.
Kersti Markus. Armin Tuulse and The Study of Churches
This article analyses Armin Tuulse's evolution into a scientist in Estonia in the 1930s
and his post-war scholarly activities in Sweden. The important problems of the article
include disputes of German and Swedish art historians on different cultural regions,
searches for originality in Estonian art and a study of the methods of medieval sacral art.
Krista Kodres. Filling The Gap: An Attempt to Analyse Sten Karling's Theoretical
Views on Art
The article focuses on the history of Estonian art history writing, examining the
older written scholarly heritage of Sten Karling. The author analyses the art theoretical
ideas that influenced Karling's research, and discusses Karling's texts and activities as
the basis for art history studies in Soviet Estonia.
Helen Bome. Stone-Carvings of the Tree of Life? Some Considerations on
Interpreting Medieval Visual Culture
This article discusses three stone reliefs from sixteenth-century Tallinn. The reliefs
were previously treated by four eminent Estonian art historians - Sten Karling, Armin Tuulse,
Mai Lumiste and Helmi üprus. Their modes of seeing and describing the reliefs, evaluations
of artistic quality and hypotheses concerning the meaning of the motifs depicted are compared.
Clearly these are very different and even contradictory, depending on the researchers' personal
tastes and methodological tools, as well as the historically determined ideological background
at the time of publication. Contemporary ways of approaching the artifacts in question and
interpreting their iconography are proposed by the author.
Jüri Hain. Villem Raam as an Art Critic
The article discusses the emergence of Villem Raam (1910-1996) as an art historian in
1938-1941, observing his remarkable activities as an art critic and reviewer of art
exhibitions, and his work in the field of art history, primarily in developing further
and specifying the treatment of Ants Laikmaa's and Jaan Koort's works.
Katrin Kivimaa, Andres Kurg, Mari Laanemets, Virve Sarapik. Panel Discussion:
On Implications of New Art History in Estonian Context
James Elkins. Art History as a Global Discipline
In Estonian, translated by ingrid Ruudi